UK and International
Health and Employment and Working Conditions
Policies that aim to improve the health impact of employment, working conditions and workplace equality.
International Horizon Scanning and Learning: Summary Report On the impact of COVID-19 on increasing the Health Gap and Vulnerability
This report by Public Health Wales brings together international evidence and insights on inequalities from the International Horizon Scanning Learning Reports published between May 2020 and August 2021. It focuses on vulnerable groups and the unequal distribution of indirect impacts resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, including impacts on employment.
Inequality and the COVID Crisis in the United Kingdom
This working paper by the Institute for Fiscal Studies reviews the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on inequalities in the UK including labour market inequalities, and identifies that increased rates of working from home appear likely to persist which may increase some inequalities and decrease others.
Emotional and Financial Health During COVID-19: The Role of Housework, Employment and Childcare in Australia and the United States
This research article identifies feelings of anxiety and financial worry about employment and domestic changes, particularly among American mothers, during the COVID-19 pandemic, potentially exacerbating gender inequality in emotional health.
Youth in Europe: Effects of COVID-19 on their Economic and Social Situation
This study explores the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on youth in Europe, including the development of youth employment and unemployment and the impact on young people not in employment, education or training. It also includes actions taken to tackle the effects of COVID-19, including quality traineeships, effective apprenticeships and the growing importance of career guidance.
COVID-19 and the Immediate Impact on Young People and Employment in Australia: A Gendered Analysis
This research article suggests that young people in Australia have been significantly impacted by COVID-19 compared to their older counterparts, with young women in particular exposed to the economic fallout.
Working Conditions and Workers' Health
This report by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) uses European Working Conditions Survey data and describes findings that the emotional demands of work have increased, underlining the growing importance of psychosocial risks at work. It also reveals that changes over time suggest that although the risk of poor health is concentrated in certain occupations, those occupations traditionally considered to be protected are increasingly exposed to risks that are likely to affect workers’ health and well-being.
Is There an Association Between Working Conditions and Health?: An Analysis of the Sixth European Working Conditions Survey Data
This research article on European working conditions presents results that show that encouraging working conditions, work environment, and job support are associated with both better self-assessed health and better objective health.
The Contribution of Employment and Working Conditions to Occupational Inequalities in Non-Communicable Diseases in Europe
This research article concludes that employment and working conditions are important determinants of occupational inequalities in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and recommends consideration of labour market regulations be considered in the formulation of NCD prevention.
Informal Employees in the European Union: Working Conditions, Employment Precariousness and Health
This research article concludes that informal employment in the EU-27 is characterised by worse working conditions and employment precariousness than the conditions for formal employees. Also, that there is no evidence that being in informal employment implies better health outcome compared to permanent employees.
OECD Employment Outlook 2022
Looking at labour market recovery from the pandemic and how this has been further impacted by the Ukraine conflict; reviewing the key labour market and social challenges for a more inclusive post-COVID 19 recovery. Focuses upon vulnerability through attention given to frontline workers and groups lagging behind in labour market recovery (young people, workers with less education, and racial/ethnic minorities). Solutions focused through the examination of policies to address these challenges and the outlook ahead.