UK and International
Health and Income Security and Social Protection
Policies that aim to provide economic security and support to reduce the health and social consequences of poverty and low income throughout a person’s life.
International Horizon Scanning and Learning: Summary Report On the impact of COVID-19 on increasing the Health Gap and Vulnerability
This report by Public Health Wales brings together international evidence and insights on inequalities from the International Horizon Scanning Learning Reports published between May 2020 and August 2021. It focuses on vulnerable groups and the unequal distribution of indirect impacts resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, including impacts on low-income workers.
Inequality and the COVID Crisis in the United Kingdom
This working paper by the Institute for Fiscal Studies reports that job-support programmes combined with the expanded welfare system meant that disposable income inequality fell during the COVID-19 pandemic but that rising house prices benefited people in particular around the middle of the wealth distribution.
Inequality in the Time of COVID-19: All Metrics Are Not Equal When it Comes to Assessing The Pandemic’s Unequal Effect
This report by the International Monetary Fund examines income inequality and points to international evidence of the effectiveness of social protection policy responses such as income transfers targeted to poor and vulnerable workers.
COVID-19 and Global Income Inequality
This research article explores the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on global income inequality.
Food Insecurity and COVID-19 Risk in Low- and Middle-income Countries
This research article assesses whether knowledge of a person infected with COVID-19 is associated with food insecurity, job loss and business closures, and coping strategies to smooth consumption.
Income Security During Periods of Ill Health: A Scoping Review of Policies, Practice and Coverage in Low-income and Middle-income Countries
This scoping review aims to map the range, features, coverage, protective effects, and equity of policies that aim to provide income security for adults whose ill health prevents them from participating in gainful work in low-income and middle-income countries. It concludes that scaling up and diversifying the range of income security interventions is crucial for improving coverage and equity, and that to achieve these outcomes, illness-related income protection must receive greater recognition in health policy and health financing.
Health Inequalities in Europe: Does Minimum Income Protection Make a Difference?
This research article investigates how minimum income protection is associated with socio-economic health inequalities.
Brief Report: A Comparison of Child Mental Health Inequalities in Three UK Population Cohorts
This brief report reveals that the mental health gap between advantaged and disadvantaged children in the UK has not reduced over the last 20 years and may be getting worse.
Economic Influences on Population Health in the United States: Toward Policymaking Driven by Data and Evidence
This research article explores economic influences on population health in the United States and suggests that policymaker consensus around the value of data—and the political will to act on it—will be critical for translating evidence into improvements in population health.
Geographic and Socio-demographic Predictors of Household Food Insecurity in Canada, 2011–12
This research article reports a graded relation between income and food insecurity in Canada, with every $1000 increase in income associated with 2% lower odds of marginal food insecurity, 4% lower odds of moderate food insecurity, and 5% lower odds of severe food insecurity.
What Triggers Economic Insecurity and Who is Most At Risk?
This policy brief by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs suggests that full recovery from the pandemic crisis is not possible without addressing economic security and reducing inequality.
Confronting Poverty and Income Insecurity During COVID-19 Through Strengthening Social Protection
This WHO Global Webinar Series on Equity, COVID-19 and the Social Determinants of Health (SDH) discusses the disproportionate impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic is having on more disadvantaged population groups, with a focus on how it is widening health inequities.
The Inequality Virus: Bringing Together a World Torn Apart by Coronavirus Through a Fair, Just and Sustainable Economy
This briefing paper by Oxfam International notes that hundreds of millions of people were being forced into poverty during the COVID-19 pandemic.
2022 Global Report on Food Crises
Focuses on current situation regarding the food crises, taking global, regional and country specific views. Included information relating to vulnerable groups including pregnant women, children, refuges etc. Solutions focused in that it contains information on data and ‘know-how to change the course’.
The Association Between Food Insecurity and Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Examining the association between food insecurity and mental health amongst low-income Americans during the COVID pandemic. Solutions focused in that public health recommendations are included to reduce the impacts of food insecurity.
Impact of the Socio-Economic Crisis on FEBA Members
Looking at evidence-based insights into the repercussions of the cost-of-living crisis, on the operations of Food Banks and on the profile of end beneficiaries supported through charitable organisations across member countries within Europe. Illustrates increasing need for Food Banks and also increasing vulnerability to food insecurity including groups most vulnerable to this.
Energy Poverty Policies and Measures in 5 EU Countries: A Comparative Study
Looking into the impacts of energy poverty including the physical and mental health impacts upon energy poor individuals across 5 EU countries (Cyprus, Spain, Portugal, Bulgaria and Lithuania). Solutions focused in that an overview of selected policies and measures are analysed and recommendations are made on how to utilise policy tools and provide the most efficient support to energy poor households.