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Vulnerability and Unmet Needs
Health and Living Conditions

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Resources

REPORT

The Full Cost of Poor Housing in Wales

This joint report from the BRE Trust, Public Health Wales and Welsh Government explores the impacts of poor housing conditions on health and well-being, and reveals that the full cost to society of leaving people living in poor housing in Wales is estimated to be around £1 billion per annum.

The Full Cost of Poor Housing in Wales


PAPER

The Importance of Household Energy Efficiency for Health and Well-being

This discussion paper by Public Health Wales considers factors linking household energy efficiency improvements to health, well-being and wider societal objectives and suggests that evaluation of both positive and negative health outcomes is essential to appraise energy efficiency measures from a household and a population health perspective.

The Importance of Household Energy Efficiency for Health and Well-being


REPORT

The Right to Adequate Housing in Wales: The Evidence Base

This independent research report by Alma Economics, commissioned by Tai Pawb, the Chartered Institute of Housing Cymru and Shelter Cymru, explores housing and housing inequality in Wales. The report presents literature and initiatives that have explored the costs of poor housing conditions and of homelessness to physical and mental health.

The Right to Adequate Housing in Wales: The Evidence Base


REPORT

Voices of Those With Lived Experiences of Homelessness and Adversity in Wales: Informing Prevention and Response

This report by Public Health Wales suggests that reducing or preventing adversity experienced by the child may help reduce future vulnerability by mitigating negative health and social outcomes in the adult, including homelessness. Participants with lived experience of homelessness discussed developing maladaptive coping behaviours in teenage years, or earlier, in response to the adversity they were experiencing, that continued into adulthood and contributed to their homelessness.

Voices of Those With Lived Experiences of Homelessness and Adversity in Wales: Informing Prevention and Response


GUIDE

A More Equal Wales: The Socio-economic Duty - Examples of Inequalities of Outcome Due to Socio-Economic Disadvantage and COVID-19

This guidance document by Welsh Government presents examples of inequalities of outcome which arise from socio-economic disadvantage and where these have been exacerbated as a result of COVID-19, including issues of housing, housing costs and access to gardens. The guidance is intended to be a useful starting point for policy makers in their consideration of inequality of outcomes arising from socio-economic disadvantage.

A More Equal Wales: The Socio-economic Duty - Examples of Inequalities of Outcome Due to Socio-Economic Disadvantage and COVID-19


REPORT COVID

Locked Out: Liberating Disabled People’s Lives and Rights in Wales Beyond COVID-19

This report by Welsh Government explores the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on disabled people in Wales, including evidence on accessible and appropriate housing, safe, accessible and affordable travel, and access to public space and public life.

Locked Out: Liberating Disabled People’s Lives and Rights in Wales Beyond COVID-19


REPORT COVID

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for Health, Well-being and Equity in Wales

This report by Public Health Wales describes the cumulative and individual impacts of the ‘triple challenge’ - Brexit, COVID-19 and climate change - on health, well-being and equity in Wales and identifies the population groups potentially affected as including those in rural communities, fishers and farmers, those on low incomes and children and young people.

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for Health, Well-being and Equity in Wales


REPORT COVID

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for Health, Well-being and Equity in Wales. Spotlight on: Food Security

This report by Public Health Wales explores food security as an important determinant of health and well-being at both a national population level and at an individual and community level, and identifies that there are a number of opportunities to enhance the food security of the Welsh population in the short and long term.

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for Health, Well-being and Equity in Wales. Spotlight on: Food Security


REPORT COVID

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for Health, Well-being and Equity in Wales Spotlight on: Rural Communities

This report by Public Health Wales highlights how the combined influences of Brexit, Coronavirus and climate change will potentially see rural communities in Wales experience a time of great change, with both opportunities and negative impacts to navigate.

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for Health, Well-being and Equity in Wales Spotlight on: Rural Communities


REPORT COVID

No Place Like Home? Exploring the Health and Well-Being Impact of COVID-19 on Housing and Housing Insecurity

This comprehensive and participatory Health Impact Assessment (HIA) by Public Health Wales explores the health and well-being impact of COVID-19 on housing and housing insecurity. It can assist policy and decision-makers when considering the impact of the pandemic on housing and housing insecurity, so that potential inequalities and negative impacts can be reduced, and future opportunities for positive health and well-being maximised.

No Place Like Home? Exploring the Health and Well-Being Impact of COVID-19 on Housing and Housing Insecurity


REPORT COVID

A Health Impact Assessment of the ‘Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy’ in Wales in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

This health impact assessment by Public Health Wales outlines the potential health and wellbeing impacts of the Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy (commonly referred to as ‘Lockdown’) on the population of Wales in the short, medium and long term. 

A Health Impact Assessment of the ‘Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy’ in Wales in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic


REPORT COVID

A Health Needs Assessment: The Impact of COVID-19 on Children and Young People’s Experiences of Violence and Adverse Childhood Experiences

This Public Health Wales-funded research by the Wales Violence Prevention Unit highlights how COVID-19 has resulted in many challenges for children and young people and that, with factors such as home life and existing wellbeing concerns, will likely have increased the risk of exposure to violence and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), particularly among the most vulnerable children and young people.

A Health Needs Assessment: The Impact of COVID-19 on Children and Young People’s Experiences of Violence and Adverse Childhood Experiences


REPORT COVID

Maximising Health and Well-Being Opportunities for Spatial Planning in the COVID-19 Pandemic Recovery

This report by Public Health Wales identifies key issues and themes in relation to the creation of healthy places including place and housing, local foundational economies, moving around by walking, cycling and using public transport, access to healthy food environments and food growing, accessing and using digital technology, and access to green and blue Infrastructure. The report also identifies strategic level actions that can be implemented by a range of public bodies including those responsible for planning, environment and health policies and plans.

Maximising Health and Well-Being Opportunities for Spatial Planning in the COVID-19 Pandemic Recovery


REPORT COVID

Why Society Needs Nature: Lessons from Research During COVID-19

This report by Natural Resources Wales, NatureScot, Natural England, Forest Research and the Environment Agency emphasises the importance of green and blue spaces for people’s mental health and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research also reveals how engagement with nature became polarised, with some people's interaction increasing, while others visited the outdoors less often than before.

Why Society Needs Nature: Lessons from Research During COVID-19


REPORT

The Right to Adequate Housing in Wales: Cost-Benefit Analysis

Alma Economics was commissioned by Tai Pawb, the Chartered Institute of Housing (CIH) Cymru and Shelter Cymru as part of the Back the Bill campaign to explore the costs and benefits of progressively introducing the RTAH in Wales. This research is the second part of a two-phased project and builds on the findings from the first phase that focused on evidence on the impact of safe, secure, affordable and adequate housing on key outcomes such as health, wellbeing, productivity and crime, and case studies of introducing similar rights to housing and policies in other countries, including cases in Finland, New Zealand, Scotland, Canada, France, Spain and South Africa.

The Right to Adequate Housing in Wales: Cost-Benefit Analysis


REPORT

Preventing Youth Homelessness: An International Review of Evidence

In the context of a global shift towards prevention, this international review identifies evidence-based interventions, promising practices, youth-identified prevention priorities, and intersecting policy elements contributing to the prevention of youth homelessness. This report by the Welsh Centre for Public Policy draws upon a careful assessment of this evidence base to develop a set of recommendations to divert young people from experiences of homelessness effectively.

Preventing Youth Homelessness: An International Review of Evidence


REPORT

Working Together to End Homelessness from Social Housing

This report by Shelter Cymru is informed by the experiences of some people who have been very close to losing their social homes, and the work of social landlords and other organisations in helping to prevent homelessness from social housing. In response to these findings, the report aims to be a useful tool, with suggestions and new thinking. It contains suggestions of the principles behind preventing homelessness from social housing and practical examples and ideas of how these could be implemented. It also contains tentative new models and proposals of how we can help more people to keep their homes and end evictions from social housing into homelessness.

Working Together to End Homelessness from Social Housing


GUIDE

Reducing Homelessness Amongst Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Good Practice Guide

The purpose of this guide by Welsh Local Government Association is to highlight some of the key challenges related to preventing and tackling homelessness amongst migrant populations and share good practice examples from Wales and other nations.

Reducing Homelessness Amongst Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Good Practice Guide